This Type of Mom Posts the Most About Their Baby on Facebook
The new-age way to welcome baby to the world? Posting motherhood photos of you with your new tootsie on Facebook, clearly. With so many prime-cuteness opportunities to get a gazillion likes (looking at you, cake smash moments), it can be hard to restrain yourself from sharing every single adorbs thing with your friends and fam via the Internet. But some moms definitely pop up on your feed more than others, and a new study discovered what kind of mom is most likely to post about their kid on social media. And, if we’re being really honest, they probably had an Instagram account ready to go before their little one was born.
Turns out, moms who feel societal pressure to be the perfect mom and moms who identified most strongly with their role as a mother posted most frequently about their kids on Facebook. Also, the same moms who posted most frequently reported stronger emotional reactions to likes and comments on the photos, like feeling bad if they didn’t get enough positive comments.
Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan, lead author of the study and professor of human sciences at Ohio State University, says that being tied to Facebook likes isn’t the best thing for moms (or anyone). “If a mother is posting on Facebook to get affirmation that she’s doing a good job and doesn’t get all the ‘likes’ and positive comments she expects, that could be a problem. She may end up feeling worse.”
The study, which included 127 working moms in Ohio who were highly educated and mostly married, also found a link between posting frequently to Facebook and reporting more depressive symptoms after nine months of parenthood. However, because the group only included highly-educated women in dual-career relationships, the researchers noted that the results may not hold true for all new mothers (we’re thinking because they may not deal with the same stress of juggling work and baby or the guilt of leaving their baby to go to work).
Also, the study found that new moms are really into social media. A staggering 98 percent of women in the study reported sharing photos of their infant on Facebook, typically within one week of the baby being born. Whoa. In addition, 80 percent of women who had posted a picture of their baby have made a photo of their child their profile picture.
“The message of the study isn’t that Facebook is necessarily harmful, but that using Facebook may not be an effective platform for women to seek and gain external validation that they’re good moms,” says Jill Yavorsky, co-author of the study and a doctoral student in sociology at Ohio State University.
Researchers are quick to note that all mothers should be aware of WHY they are using Facebook. “It’s great to share stories and pictures of your baby, but relying on Facebook to feel good about your parenting may be risky,” Schoppe-Sullivan says.
Are you a new mom posting pics of your baby? Tag us in them @BritandCo!
(Photo via Getty)
Welcome to Selfmade Finance School, our new money series with Block Advisors to help small business owners with their tax, bookkeeping, and payroll needs year-round. This week, we explore the tax implications of bringing family members into your business.
The question for today is this: Does hiring your family members make sense for your business? Let me be clear. This is not a piece about whether hiring your family members makes sense for your relationships with those family members. As someone who is part of a family business, I could fill up a lot more than 600 words on my opinions about that. For today's purposes, we focus on whether it makes sense from an overall "good business and tax implication" perspective. As it turns out, there is a decent amount of tax nuance when it comes to employing your family. Let's break it down based on relationship to the employee:
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Spouses Who Are In Business Together
Personally, if I had to be in business with my husband, it would not go well. However, many couples build viable, strong businesses together and I say, good for them! Depending on how you have your business entity structured, it will make a big difference on the tax treatment of you and your spouse working as partners. Because a business jointly owned and operated by a married couple is generally treated as a partnership for Federal tax purposes, the spouses must comply with filing and record keeping requirements imposed on partnerships and their partners. The election to file two Schedule C (Form 1040) forms, (one for each spouse) permits certain married co-owners to avoid filing partnership returns, provided that each spouse separately reports a share of all the businesses' items of income, gain, loss, deduction, and credit. Under the election, both spouses will be subject to self-employment tax and on net earnings from self-employment and receive credit for Social Security earnings.
One Spouse Employs Another
If you have a dynamic where your spouse is an employee of your business, then your spouse's wages are subject to income tax withholding, Social Security and Medicare taxes. If you are self-employed (not a corporation or a partnership), your spouse's pay does not have to be included in your federal unemployment tax account (FUTA) contributions and payments. However, if your business is a corporation or a partnership you must include that spouse's pay in your unemployment tax contribution calculation.
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You Employ Your Child
First, let's be clear. I work in my family business, but I am an adult, so I am treated just like a normal employee. However, if you, for example, run a family restaurant and want to hire your children under 18 to work for you, there are some tax benefits. But first, you should check with your state for rules on how many hours minors can work (in non-agricultural jobs) and reference the Fair Labor Standards Act for information on limitations on the kinds of work children can perform.
"This is an often overlooked or under-utilized strategy. Paying your children for true services they provide in your business can be a powerful tax-saving tool," says Cathi Reed, Block Advisors Regional Director. "If you are a sole-proprietorship or single member LLC, and the child is less than 18 years of age, the business is not required to withhold FICA or payroll taxes. The child can use his or her standard deduction against income you pay."
You Hire Your Parent
Oh dear. If you are brave enough to do this, know that you will need to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes on your parent's wages and make the appropriate withholdings, but you don't have to pay unemployment taxes. Now all you have to do is convince your parent that you are the boss. Have fun with that!
Is Hiring Family Members Worth It For The Tax Benefits?
"There are some positive tax advantages to hiring family members. It's important to treat a family member like any other employee. Hiring your children can result in substantial savings for businesses. Make sure your child has real, age-appropriate work to do and a reasonable pay rate, comparable to other employees. Consult with a Block Advisors small business certified tax pro to ensure that you are complying with all requirements," advises Reed. "Block Advisors, a team within H&R Block, is dedicated to meeting the tax, bookkeeping and payroll needs of small business owners year-round. To start working with the tax experts at Block Advisors, visit blockadvisors.com."
In my opinion, you should not hire a family member solely because of the tax benefits. You should always hire based on whether that person is right for the job and keep in mind how this hire could materially impact your relationship with that person and others in your family. Finally, as I mentioned, make sure you have a tax professional on your team when making these determinations. As you can see, things can get a little tricky!
*All details were sourced from IRS.gov and blockadvisors.com